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Let's try to collect and translate a lot of typographical terms...

Please add English terms in alphabetical order. Fill the "ConTeXt" column if ConTeXt uses a different term or for a link. The Description should be rather short (feel free to enhance existing ones). Add translations with an uppercase language code in alphabetical order of that code, separated by commas.

English ConTeXt Description Translations
German French Dutch
baseline the "line" on that letters without extenders seem to stand Grundlinie ligne de base basisregel
baseline skip the space between to lines of text, from baseline to baseline Zeilenabstand interligne interlinie
body (text) continuous text Fließtext corps du texte broodtext
body font the font used for most of the text Grundschrift broodletter
bold \bf font style (halb)fett gras vet
caps uppercase letters Großbuchstaben / Versalien majuscules kapitalen
cover "wrapping" of the book content Umschlag omslag
en the width of an n (font dependent), half an em Halbgeviert demi-cadratin halfkwadraat (?)
en dash -- Halbgeviertstrich / Gedankenstrich tiret sur demi-cadratin
em the width of a m (font dependent), also as unit Geviert cadratin kwadraat / concordans (?)
em dash --- Geviertstrich tiret sur cadratin kastlijntje
file Datei fichier bestand
font Schrift police de caractères lettertype / font
font family a number of font faces (often 4) that belong together Schriftfamilie famille de polices
font "super family" collection several font families that are designed to work together, e.g. Serif, Sans and Mono, like Computer Modern Schriftsippe
gothic fonts old font style, where curves are broken to straight lines Gebrochene Schriften / Frakturschriften
grid setting grid typesetting text, keeping lines on a (invisible) fixed "grid", i.e. lines are at the same position on every page registerhaltiger Satz grille geregistreerd (zetwerk)
header (text) header text Kolumnentitel en-tête koptekst
hyphen - Trennstrich / Divis trait d'union afbreekstreep
hyphenation rules for separating word in syllables Silbentrennung coupure de mot afbreking
image processing Bildbearbeitung / EBV beeldverwerking
imprint metadata in a print product (publisher, ISBN etc.) Impressum métadonnées / données bibliographiques
index \index Register index register
initial big letter (mostly 2-3 lines high) as text start Initial lettrine initiaal
italic \it font style kursiv italique cursief
gutter margin where the book gets bound Bundsteg
line Zeile ligne regel
lowercase \word, \words Kleinbuchstaben / Gemeine minuscule onderkast
margin Rand marge marge
oldstyle \os number style for body text, numbers have proportional width and are mostly x-height size médiéval (chiffre) elzévirien
page Seite page pagina
page number Seitenzahl / Pagina numéro de page / pagination paginanummer
page style makeup A page layout with special headers, footers, and text placement like e.g. a title page aufbau opmaak
perfect binding book pages are glued to the cover Klebebindung
(printing) press the machine that prints the ink on the paper Druckmaschine presse drukpers
printshop company/workshop for printing Druckerei imprimerie drukker
process colors (CMYK) the four printing inks used in professional printing Prozessfarben processkleuren
quote, quotation a piece of text by another author Zitat citation citaat
quotation marks \quote, \quotation Anführungszeichen / Gänsefüßchen guillemets aanhalingstekens
sans serif (font) \ss Serifenlose (Schrift) / Grotesk police sans empattement / police « bâton » schreefloos (font)
serif (font) \rm Serifenschrift / Antiqua police romaine romein
slanted \sl font style schräg / geschrägt oblique schuin
small caps \sc uppercase letters of x-height size Kapitälchen petites capitales kleinkapitaal
spot colors printing inks other than CMYK (e.g. Pantone) Sonderfarben NL: spotkleur (?)
title Titel / Überschrift titre titel
table of contents (toc) Inhaltsverzeichnis sommaire / table des matières inhoudsopgave
typewriter font \tt Schreibmaschinenschrift police à chasse fixe
uppercase \WORD, \WORDS Großbuchstaben / Versalien majuscule bovenkast
verbose wörtlich / ausführlich
x-height height of lowercase characters, like x Mittelhöhe / x-Höhe hauteur de l’x x-hoogte