# Difference between revisions of "LaTeX Math in ConTeXt"

m (pretty printing) |
|||

Line 7: | Line 7: | ||

To start with, there is the problem that ConTeXt uses <tt>\startenv ... \stopenv</tt> pairs to define environments, whereas LaTeX uses <tt>\begin{env} ... \end{env}</tt> pairs. The relative merits of these can be argued, but the fact remains that if one is importing LaTeX documents into ConTeXt, it is simpler to leave the environments in the LaTeX form. The following small set of definitions does an automatic translation. | To start with, there is the problem that ConTeXt uses <tt>\startenv ... \stopenv</tt> pairs to define environments, whereas LaTeX uses <tt>\begin{env} ... \end{env}</tt> pairs. The relative merits of these can be argued, but the fact remains that if one is importing LaTeX documents into ConTeXt, it is simpler to leave the environments in the LaTeX form. The following small set of definitions does an automatic translation. | ||

− | < | + | <texcode> |

% Commands to translate LaTeX environment calls | % Commands to translate LaTeX environment calls | ||

% into the appropriate ConTeXt macros. | % into the appropriate ConTeXt macros. | ||

Line 32: | Line 32: | ||

\def\end#1{% | \def\end#1{% | ||

\csname stop#1\endcsname} | \csname stop#1\endcsname} | ||

− | </ | + | </texcode> |

Thus, a command such as <tt>\begin{array}</tt> in a LaTeX equation will simply call <tt>\startarray</tt>, and we can define all of the remaining compatibility macros as <tt>\start ... \stop</tt> pairs without needing to translate the equations manually to match. However, this does not work with all ConTeXt environments; a few of them require the literal string <tt>\stopenvironment</tt> at the end of the environment. | Thus, a command such as <tt>\begin{array}</tt> in a LaTeX equation will simply call <tt>\startarray</tt>, and we can define all of the remaining compatibility macros as <tt>\start ... \stop</tt> pairs without needing to translate the equations manually to match. However, this does not work with all ConTeXt environments; a few of them require the literal string <tt>\stopenvironment</tt> at the end of the environment. | ||

Line 38: | Line 38: | ||

With that framework in mind, we can start duplicating some of the basic LaTeX equation environments. To start with, the <tt>equation</tt> environment itself, along with the <tt>equation*</tt> environment from AMSmath. | With that framework in mind, we can start duplicating some of the basic LaTeX equation environments. To start with, the <tt>equation</tt> environment itself, along with the <tt>equation*</tt> environment from AMSmath. | ||

− | < | + | <texcode> |

\def\startequation{% | \def\startequation{% | ||

\placeformula | \placeformula | ||

Line 50: | Line 50: | ||

\expandafter\def\csname stopequation*\endcsname{% | \expandafter\def\csname stopequation*\endcsname{% | ||

\stopformula} | \stopformula} | ||

− | </ | + | </texcode> |

The <tt>array</tt> environment is a notably more complicated construction. Luckily, it's already been duplicated in Giuseppe Bilotta's <tt>t-amsl.tex</tt> package, so we don't have to rewrite it. (The spacing is somewhat tighter than LaTeX's <tt>array</tt>, though.) Using that simply requires the following line at the head of the ConTeXt document: | The <tt>array</tt> environment is a notably more complicated construction. Luckily, it's already been duplicated in Giuseppe Bilotta's <tt>t-amsl.tex</tt> package, so we don't have to rewrite it. (The spacing is somewhat tighter than LaTeX's <tt>array</tt>, though.) Using that simply requires the following line at the head of the ConTeXt document: | ||

− | < | + | <texcode> |

\usemodule[amsl] | \usemodule[amsl] | ||

− | </ | + | </texcode> |

Once the package is loaded, you'll be able to use <tt>\startarray ... \stoparray</tt> in pretty much the same way as <tt>\begin{array} ... \end{array}</tt> was used in LaTeX. | Once the package is loaded, you'll be able to use <tt>\startarray ... \stoparray</tt> in pretty much the same way as <tt>\begin{array} ... \end{array}</tt> was used in LaTeX. | ||

Line 62: | Line 62: | ||

The <tt>t-amsl.tex</tt> package also defines equivalents for AMSmath's <tt>align</tt> and <tt>gather</tt> macros (which provide an improved version of the <tt>eqnarray</tt> functionality, and you should translate your LaTeX eqnarrays to use them anyway!), but unfortunately they are examples of the rare ConTeXt macros that do not work with our <tt>\begin{} ... \end{}</tt> translation, at least in the version current as of 2004/08/02. The following versions do work, however: | The <tt>t-amsl.tex</tt> package also defines equivalents for AMSmath's <tt>align</tt> and <tt>gather</tt> macros (which provide an improved version of the <tt>eqnarray</tt> functionality, and you should translate your LaTeX eqnarrays to use them anyway!), but unfortunately they are examples of the rare ConTeXt macros that do not work with our <tt>\begin{} ... \end{}</tt> translation, at least in the version current as of 2004/08/02. The following versions do work, however: | ||

− | < | + | <texcode> |

\def\startalign{\startformula | \def\startalign{\startformula | ||

\let\\\cr | \let\\\cr | ||

Line 85: | Line 85: | ||

\def\stopgather{\crcr\crcr\egroup\egroup\,% | \def\stopgather{\crcr\crcr\egroup\egroup\,% | ||

\stopformula} | \stopformula} | ||

− | </ | + | </texcode> |

These do have the problem of these environments not introducing equation numbers (which they should do for proper compatibility); that should hopefully be addressed in future versions. | These do have the problem of these environments not introducing equation numbers (which they should do for proper compatibility); that should hopefully be addressed in future versions. | ||

Line 91: | Line 91: | ||

We can also define a duplicate of AMSmath's <tt>split</tt> environment similarly, as | We can also define a duplicate of AMSmath's <tt>split</tt> environment similarly, as | ||

− | < | + | <texcode> |

\def\startsplit{% | \def\startsplit{% | ||

\let\\\cr | \let\\\cr | ||

Line 101: | Line 101: | ||

\crcr} | \crcr} | ||

\def\stopsplit{\crcr\egroup\egroup\,} | \def\stopsplit{\crcr\egroup\egroup\,} | ||

− | </ | + | </texcode> |

---- | ---- |

## Revision as of 20:50, 12 September 2004

One of the barriers to using ConTeXt is that the equation syntax is quite different from LaTeX equation syntax. As a result, one cannot copy equations from LaTeX documents (whether existing documents, or articles for journals that request LaTeX submissions) into ConTeXt documents, or vice versa. Without some solution to this, producing a set of ConTeXt slides to go with a LaTeX article would require completely rewriting all of the equations.

Thus, the intent of this page is to document some methods for importing LaTeX equations into ConTeXt documents. Eventually, they will end up in a third-party ConTeXt package (*or such is my intent --Brooks Moses*), but for now they are simply given here in full.

To start with, there is the problem that ConTeXt uses `\startenv ... \stopenv` pairs to define environments, whereas LaTeX uses `\begin{env} ... \end{env}` pairs. The relative merits of these can be argued, but the fact remains that if one is importing LaTeX documents into ConTeXt, it is simpler to leave the environments in the LaTeX form. The following small set of definitions does an automatic translation.

% Commands to translate LaTeX environment calls % into the appropriate ConTeXt macros. % The \end of a \begin,\end pair is problematic, % since \stoptext depends on TeX's \end. We fix % that as follows, with a slightly edited copy % of \stoptext from core-job.tex. \let\therealdocumentend\end \def\stoptekst {\doglobal\decrement\textlevel\relax \ifnum\textlevel>\zerocount \else \the\everystoptext \expandafter\therealdocumentend \fi} \let\stoptext \stoptekst % With that out of the way, the actual trans- % lation macros are straightforward. \def\begin#1{% \csname start#1\endcsname} \def\end#1{% \csname stop#1\endcsname}

Thus, a command such as `\begin{array}` in a LaTeX equation will simply call `\startarray`, and we can define all of the remaining compatibility macros as `\start ... \stop` pairs without needing to translate the equations manually to match. However, this does not work with all ConTeXt environments; a few of them require the literal string `\stopenvironment` at the end of the environment.

With that framework in mind, we can start duplicating some of the basic LaTeX equation environments. To start with, the `equation` environment itself, along with the `equation*` environment from AMSmath.

\def\startequation{% \placeformula \startformula} \def\stopequation{% \stopformula} \expandafter\def\csname startequation*\endcsname{% \placeformula[-] \startformula} \expandafter\def\csname stopequation*\endcsname{% \stopformula}

The `array` environment is a notably more complicated construction. Luckily, it's already been duplicated in Giuseppe Bilotta's `t-amsl.tex` package, so we don't have to rewrite it. (The spacing is somewhat tighter than LaTeX's `array`, though.) Using that simply requires the following line at the head of the ConTeXt document:

\usemodule[amsl]

Once the package is loaded, you'll be able to use `\startarray ... \stoparray` in pretty much the same way as `\begin{array} ... \end{array}` was used in LaTeX.

The `t-amsl.tex` package also defines equivalents for AMSmath's `align` and `gather` macros (which provide an improved version of the `eqnarray` functionality, and you should translate your LaTeX eqnarrays to use them anyway!), but unfortunately they are examples of the rare ConTeXt macros that do not work with our `\begin{} ... \end{}` translation, at least in the version current as of 2004/08/02. The following versions do work, however:

\def\startalign{\startformula \let\\\cr \null\vcenter\bgroup \openup\jot {\mathsurround=0pt}% \everycr={}\tabskip=4pt plus1fil% \halign to \displaywidth\bgroup \strut\hfil$\displaystyle{##}$% \tabskip=0pt &$\displaystyle{{}##}$\hfil% \tabskip=4pt plus1fil &&\hfil$\displaystyle{##}$% \tabskip=0pt &$\displaystyle{{}##}$\hfil% \tabskip=4pt plus1fil \crcr} \def\stopalign{\crcr\crcr\egroup\egroup\stopformula} \def\startgather{\startformula \let\\\cr \null\,\vcenter\bgroup \openup\jot {\mathsurround=0pt}% \ialign\bgroup \strut\hfil$\displaystyle{##}$\hfil \crcr} \def\stopgather{\crcr\crcr\egroup\egroup\,% \stopformula}

These do have the problem of these environments not introducing equation numbers (which they should do for proper compatibility); that should hopefully be addressed in future versions.

We can also define a duplicate of AMSmath's `split` environment similarly, as

\def\startsplit{% \let\\\cr \null\,\vcenter\bgroup \openup\jot {\mathsurround=0pt}% \ialign\bgroup \strut\hfil$\displaystyle{##}$% &$\displaystyle{{}##}$\hfil \crcr} \def\stopsplit{\crcr\egroup\egroup\,}

*(And here I shall stop; there is of course much more to say. --Brooks Moses)*

I should also add: there's a set of code for bold math (text and symbols) in this message to the ConTeXt mailing listand its followup here. This matter is also discussed, perhaps more thoroughly, in ConTeXt Magazine issue #5.