Layers

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Revision as of 12:35, 10 August 2010 by Cedric.mauclair (talk | contribs) (Links)

< Layout | Columns | Overlays | Logos | Collectors >

Layers are ConTeXt's mechanism for absolute positioning of elements and other advanced techniques like switching elements on and off.

There's still no manual about them.

My first Layer

Define a layer that takes the whole page

\definelayer	[mybg]	% name of the layer
		[x=0mm, y=0mm,	% from upper left corner of paper
		width=\paperwidth, height=\paperheight] % let the layer cover the full paper

Now you can put something in that layer:

\setlayer	[mybg]	% name of the layer
		[hoffset=1cm, voffset=1cm]  % placement (from upper left corner of the layer)
		{\framed[frame=on, width=3cm, height=2cm]{LAYER}}  % the actual contents of the layer

Activate the layer as a background:

\setupbackgrounds[page][background=mybg]

This command makes the layer appear only once after the background is activated. If you want to repeat the layer on each page, use the option repeat=yes in the \definelayer command.

Placement

There are several possibilities for defining the placement of layer content:

  • x, y : offset from upper left corner of paper
  • hoffset, voffset : offset from upper left corner of layer
  • corner : reference point, something like {left, top}
  • location : alignment of the element relative to the corner, something like {right, bottom}
  • preset : a named location, see below

There are some "presets" for paper egde placement:

% These four are defined by ConTeXt!
\definelayerpreset	[lefttop]	[corner={left,top}, location={right,bottom}]
\definelayerpreset	[righttop]	[corner={right,top}, location={left,bottom}]
\definelayerpreset	[leftbottom]	[corner={left,bottom}, location={right,top}]
\definelayerpreset	[rightbottom]	[corner={right,bottom}, location={left,top}]

Similarly you can define your own presets.

State

The available options for the "state" of a layer are:

  • start: layer appears only on the current page
  • stop: layer doesn't show up
  • repeat: layer prints on all pages
  • next: layer appears on the following page
  • continue: layer appears on all pages except the first


Place labels on pictures

Layers can be used to put labels on pictures, alternative ways can be found in the Details manual (see also Collectors).

\setupexternalfigures[location={local,default}]
% (necessary for the wiki conTeXt live processor)

\definelayer  [figure][width=\overlaywidth,height=\overlayheight]
\defineoverlay[figure][{\directsetup{figure}\tightlayer[figure]}]

\setupcolors[state=start]

\starttext

\startsetups figure

\setlayerframed
  [figure]
  [preset=rightbottom,
   x=.25\layerwidth,
   y=.25\layerheight]
  {HERE}

\setlayerframed
  [figure]
  [preset=leftbottom,
   x=.15\layerwidth,
   y=.35\layerheight]
  {THERE}

\stopsetups

\externalfigure[cow][background={foreground,figure},width=4cm,height=8cm]

\startsetups figure

\setlayerframed
  [figure]
  [preset=righttop,
   x=.25\layerwidth,
   y=.25\layerheight]
  {MORE}

\setlayerframed
  [figure]
  [preset=middle,
   foregroundcolor=green]
  {EVEN MORE}

\stopsetups

\externalfigure[cow][background={foreground,figure},width=14cm,height=2cm]

\defineexternalfigure[whatever][background={foreground,figure}]

\startsetups figure

\setlayerframed
  [figure]
  [preset=righttop,
   x=.25\layerwidth,
   y=.25\layerheight]
  {\red MORE}

\setlayerframed
  [figure]
  [preset=middle,
   foregroundcolor=green]
  {EVEN MORE}

\stopsetups

\externalfigure[cow][whatever][width=14cm,height=4cm]

\stoptext

Use dynamic content

The content of layer is fixed after your set it and will appear in the same way on each page.

\definelayer
  [pagenumber]
  [width=\paperwidth,
   height=\paperheight,
   preset=middle,
   state=repeat]

\setlayer[pagenumber]{Page \pagenumber}

\setupbackgrounds[page][background=pagenumber]

\starttext
\dorecurse{4}{\page[empty]}
\stoptext

This is not always what you desire like in the example above, where on each page the current page number should be shown and not the number from the first page.

To recalculate the content on each new page you have to enclose the \setlayer settings within \startsetups ... \stopsetups and write \setupbackgrounds[page][setups=setupname,background=layername] in your document.

\definelayer
  [pagenumber]
  [width=\paperwidth,
   height=\paperheight,
   preset=middle]

\startsetups layer

\setlayer[pagenumber]{Page \pagenumber}

\stopsetups

\setupbackgrounds[page][setups=layer,background=pagenumber]

\starttext
\dorecurse{4}{\page[empty]}
\stoptext


Links


TODO: We need a lot of documentation and samples for this complicated subject. (See: To-Do List)