TikZ

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Revision as of 06:33, 7 October 2016 by Hraban (talk | contribs) (add example from ML)
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TikZ/pgf is a portable graphics package developed for LaTeX, also supporting ConTeXt. It is a possible alternative to MetaPost & MetaFun.

TikZ is included as a (third party) module for ConTeXt.

Example

From the TikZ/pgf manual.

\setupcolors[state=start]
\definecolor[darkgreen][g=.5]
\usemodule[tikz]         

\starttext

\starttikzpicture[      scale=3,line cap=round
                        axes/.style=,         
                        important line/.style={very thick},
                        information text/.style={rounded corners,fill=red!10,inner sep=1ex} ]

        \draw[help lines,step=0.5cm] (-1.4,-1.4) grid (1.4,1.4);
        \draw (0,0) circle (1cm);                               
                \draw[->] (-1.5,0) -- (1.5,0) node[right] {$x$} coordinate(x axis);
                \draw[->] (0,-1.5) -- (0,1.5) node[above] {$y$} coordinate(y axis);
                \foreach \x/\xtext in {-1, -.5/-\frac{1}{2}, 1}                    
                        \draw[xshift=\x cm] (0pt,1pt) -- (0pt,-1pt)                
                                node[below,fill=white] {$\xtext$};
                \foreach \y/\ytext in {-1, -.5/-\frac{1}{2}, .5/\frac{1}{2}, 1}
                        \draw[yshift=\y cm] (1pt,0pt) -- (-1pt,0pt)
                                node[left,fill=white] {$\ytext$};
        \filldraw[fill=green!20,draw=green!50!black] (0,0) -- (3mm,0pt) arc(0:30:3mm);
        \draw (15:2mm) node[green!50!black] {$\alpha$};
        \draw[important line,red]
                (30:1cm) -- node[left=1pt,fill=white] {$\sin \alpha$} (30:1cm |- x axis);
        \draw[important line,blue]
                (30:1cm |- x axis) -- node[below=2pt,fill=white] {$\cos \alpha$} (0,0);
        \draw[important line,orange!80!black] (1,0) -- node[right=1pt,fill=white] {
                $\displaystyle \tan \alpha \black =
                \frac{{\red \sin \alpha}}{\blue \cos \alpha}$}
                (intersection of 0,0--30:1cm and 1,0--1,1) coordinate (t);
        \draw (0,0) -- (t);
        \draw[xshift=1.85cm]
                node[right,text width=6cm,information text]
                {
                        The {\darkgreen angle $\alpha$} is $30^\circ$ in the
                        example ($\pi/6$ in radians). The {\red sine of
                        $\alpha$}, which is the height of the red line, is
                        \startformula
                        {\red \sin \alpha} = 1/2.
                        \stopformula
                        By the Theorem of Pythagoras ...
                };
\stoptikzpicture

\stoptext

TikZ example.png

Placing TikZ graphics

You should wrap TikZ graphics inside \hbox when placing them, for example:


\placefigure[here][fig:myfig]{My figure.}{\hbox{\starttikzpicture
	\draw (0, 0) circle (3cm);
\stoptikzpicture}}

Otherwise, positioning will not work (figure will not be centered). See this post by Aditya Mahajan for explanation.

Example for commutative diagrams

Hans Åberg wrote to the mailing list on 2016-10-06:

There is a tikz-cd package at CTAN: https://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/graphics/pgf/contrib/tikz-cd?lang=en

One makes sure to have the file tikzlibrarycd.code.tex, and follows the translation rules in the manual for ConTeXt. In addition to that, one seems to have to replace the apostrophe with "below".

The first few examples in the manual, which compiled with latest ConTeXt:

\usemodule[tikz]
\usetikzlibrary[cd]

\starttext

\starttikzcd
 A \arrow{rd} \arrow{r}{𝜑} \NC B \NR
                                \NC C
\stoptikzcd

\starttikzcd
 A \arrow[r, "\phi"] \arrow[d, red]
   \NC B \arrow[d, "\psi" red] \NR
 C \arrow[r, red, "\eta" blue]
 \NC D
\stoptikzcd

\starttikzcd
 A \arrow[r, "\phi" near start, "\psi" below, "\eta" near end] \NC B
\stoptikzcd

\starttikzcd
 T
 \arrow[drr, bend left, "x"]
 \arrow[ddr, bend right, "y"]
 \arrow[dr, dotted, "{(x,y)}" description] \NC \NC \NR
   \NC X \times_Z Y \arrow[r, "p"] \arrow[d, "q"]
   \NC X \arrow[d, "f"] \NR
 \NC Y \arrow[r, "g"] \NC Z
\stoptikzcd

\starttikzcd[column sep=tiny]
 \NC \pi_1(U_1) \ar[dr] \ar[drr, "j_1", bend left=20]
   \NC
     \NC[1.5em] \NR
 \pi_1(U_1\cap U_2) \ar[ur, "i_1"] \ar[dr, "i_2" below]
   \NC
     \NC \pi_1(U_1) \ast_{ \pi_1(U_1\cap U_2)} \pi_1(U_2) \ar[r, dashed, "\simeq"]
       \NC \pi_1(X) \NR
 \NC \pi_1(U_2) \ar[ur]\ar[urr, "j_2" below, bend right=20]
   \NC
     \NC
\stoptikzcd

\stoptext

See also

Discussion on the ConTeXt user's list.