Dictionary

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Revision as of 21:22, 13 August 2008 by Arthur (talk | contribs) (Added French translations, some still missing)
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Let's try to collect and translate a lot of typographical terms...

Please add English terms in alphabetical order. Fill the "ConTeXt" column if ConTeXt uses a different term or for a link. The Description should be rather short (feel free to enhance existing ones). Add translations with an uppercase language code in alphabetical order of that code, separated by commas.

English ConTeXt Description Translations
baseline the "line" on that letters without extenders seem to stand DE: Grundlinie, FR: ligne de base, NL:
baseline skip the space between to lines of text, from baseline to baseline DE: Zeilenabstand, FR: interligne, NL:
body (text) continuous text DE: Fließtext, FR: , NL:
body font the font used for most of the text DE: Grundschrift, FR: , NL:
bold font style DE: (halb)fett, FR: gras, NL:
caps uppercase letters DE: Großbuchstaben / Versalien, FR: majuscules, NL:
cover "wrapping" of the book content DE: Umschlag, FR: , NL:
en the width of an n (font dependent), half an em DE: Halbgeviert, FR: demi quadratin, NL:
en dash DE: Halbgeviertstrich / Gedankenstrich, FR: tiret demi-quadratin, NL:
em the width of a m (font dependent), also as unit DE: Geviert, FR: quadratin, NL:
em dash DE: Geviertstrich, FR: tiret quadratin, NL:
file DE: Datei, FR: fichier, NL:
font DE: Schrift, FR: police de caractères, NL: ? ...
font family a number of font faces (often 4) that belong together DE: Schriftfamilie, FR: famille de polices, NL:
font "super family" collection several font families that are designed to work together, e.g. Serif, Sans and Mono, like Computer Modern DE: Schriftsippe, FR: , NL:
gothic fonts old font style, where curves are broken to straight lines DE: Gebrochene Schriften / Frakturschriften, FR: , NL:
grid setting grid typesetting text, keeping lines on a (invisible) fixed "grid", i.e. lines are at the same position on every page DE: registerhaltiger Satz, FR: , NL:
header (text) header text DE: Kolumnentitel, FR: en-tête, NL:
hyphen DE: Trennstrich / Divis, FR: trait d'union, NL:
hyphenation rules for separating word in syllables DE: Silbentrennung, FR: césure, NL:
image processing DE: Bildbearbeitung / EBV, FR: , NL:
imprint metadata in a print product (publisher, ISBN etc.) DE: Impressum, FR: , NL:
index DE: Register, FR: index, NL:
initial big letter (mostly 2-3 lines high) as text start DE: Initial, FR: lettrine, NL:
italic font style DE: kursiv, FR: italique, NL:
gutter margin where the book gets bound DE: Bundsteg, FR: , NL:
line DE: Zeile, FR: ligne, NL:
lowercase DE: Kleinbuchstaben / Gemeine, FR: minuscule, NL:
margin DE: Rand, FR: marge, NL:
oldstyle number style for body text, numbers have proportional width and are mostly x-height size DE: mediaeval, FR: (chiffre) elzévirien, NL:
page DE: Seite, FR: page, NL:
page number DE: Seitenzahl / Pagina, FR: numéro de page / pagination, NL:
perfect binding book pages are glued to the cover DE: Klebebindung, FR: , NL:
(printing) press the machine that prints the ink on the paper DE: Druckmaschine, FR: presse, NL:
printshop company/workshop for printing DE: Druckerei, FR: imprimerie, NL:
process colors (CMYK) the four printing inks used in professional printing DE: Prozessfarben, FR: , NL:
quote, quotation a piece of text by another author DE: Zitat, FR: citation, NL:
quotation marks \quote, \quotation DE: Anführungszeichen / Gänsefüßchen, FR: guillemets, NL:
sans serif (font) DE: Serifenlose (Schrift) / Grotesk, FR: police sans empattement / police « bâton », NL:
serif (font) DE: Serifenschrift / Antiqua, FR: police romaine, NL:
slanted font style DE: schräg / geschrägt, FR: oblique, NL:
small caps uppercase letters of x-height size DE: Kapitälchen, FR: petites capitales, NL:
spot colors printing inks other than CMYK (e.g. Pantone) DE: Sonderfarben, FR: , NL:
title DE: Titel / Überschrift, FR: titre, NL:
table of contents (toc) DE: Inhaltsverzeichnis, FR: sommaire / table des matières, NL:
typewriter font \tt DE: Schreibmaschinenschrift, FR: police à chasse fixe, NL:
uppercase DE: Großbuchstaben / Versalien, FR: majuscule, NL:
verbose DE: wörtlich / ausführlich, FR: , NL:
x-height height of lowercase characters, like x DE: Mittelhöhe / x-Höhe, FR: hauteur de l'œil, NL: